In 1993-1996, "Ruthenia" carried out a
project entitled "Upper Tysa: cooperation between Hungarian,
Romanian, Slovakian and Ukrainian public organizations" with
the support of the Regional Environmental Center. Its aim was to
develop proposals to create an international nature reserve in the
Upper Tysa basin. The project was carried out in Zakarpatska Oblast
- in Beregivsky, Vynogradivsky, Khustsky, Tyachivsky and Rakhivsky
Rayons on the Rivers Chorna Tysa, Bila Tysa and Tysa; 10 people
participated in the activity. Research, educational and publicity
work were carried out as part of the project, and collaboration with
the mass-media was established aimed at preparing publications about
the problems of the Tysa. The following activities were carried out:
- preparing the scientific background to the project, “The Upper Tysa from the city of Tyachiv to the village of
- writing articles in the press and international bulletins (10);
- participating in the 41st Working Meeting of the Special Committee of the National Parks and Territories Protected by IUCN (Hungary, 1993);
- participating in the international conferences: “Eastern Carpathian fauna: current situation and protection” (Ukraine, Uzhgorod, 1993), “Ecological basis for optimising the system of protection and sustainable use of the Nature Protection Fund” (Ukraine, Rakhiv, 1993), “First Conference: The environment of the Carpathian Euroregion CERECO’94” (Ukraine, Uzhgorod, 1994), “The 46th science and technology conference of the Ukrainian State Forest Engineering University” (Ukraine, Lviv, 1994), “Anthropogenisation and the environment in rural areas” (Romania, Satoralyaugel, 1994), “The first international and regional conference on environmental development” (Hungary, Niredgaza, 1996);
- participating in press conferences for the mass media;
- participating in making two posters and the video film, “Upper
In 1997-1998, "Ruthenia" carried out a
project, "Upper Tysa Valley: collaboration between NGOs from
Hungary, Romania and Ukraine in the preparation of a rationale for
the designation of a transboundary wetland area that has reserve
potential" with the support the Ramsar Small Grants Fund, Switzerland,
the Regional Environmental Centre and the "Regional Water
Activities" organisation, Hungary. The aim was to provide
a rationale for creating an international nature reserve, with an
area of approximately 140,000 ha, in the basin of the River Tysa,
which would become an important part of the Pan-European Ecological
Network. The project was implemented in Zakarpatska Oblast,
Tyachivsky and Rakhivsky Rayons, on the Rivers Chorna Tysa, Bila
Tysa and Tysa, with 10 people participating. The project included
research and educational activities, participating in international
conferences and speaking on the problem, co-operating with the
mass-media, and writing papers on the problems of the Tysa for
publication in the international media. The activities were as
- preparation of a scientifically-based rationale for the proposal
"Upper Tysa from its source to the city of Tyachiv";
- publications in the press about nine animal species from the Red
Data Book of Ukraine;
- participating in the Second International Conference "The
Environment of the Carpathian Euro-region CERECO '97" (Hungary,
- participating in the preparation of the monograph "Tysa/The
Upper Tysa Valley" (in English, six articles).
In June 1999, two representatives from "Ruthenia"
participated in an international conference on the problems of
transboundary rivers. The conference took place in Wageningen, The
Netherlands, and was aimed at preparing a project to create a
national park on the area between the Rivers Tysa and Latorytsya.
Together with NGO representatives from Slovakia and Hungary, a
project was developed to establish the national park, and proposals
were submitted to the State Department of Environment and Natural
In October 1999, a representative of "Ruthenia"
participated in the international conference and NGO forum "Biodiversity
Conservation in the Dniester River Basin". The conference took
place in Chisinau, Moldova. A report was presented on the rivers of
the Upper Dniester basin on Ukrainian territory and their role in
the formation of biodiversity in the Dniester basin on Moldavian
territory. The draft of the By-laws of the TIRAS International
Environmental Association of Guardians of the River Dniester was
discussed. The report, which drew the attention of NGOs and experts
to the importance of the Carpathian rivers as a fund of biodiversity
for the Dniester, was published in the conference proceedings.
In May 2000, two representatives of "Ruthenia"
participated in the Second International Conference on the
Regeneration of Rivers "River Restoration 2000", held
under the auspices of the RIZA Institute. The conference took place
in Wageningen, the Netherlands. An oral report was presented on the
influence of the Tereble-Ritsky reservoir on the environment and the
associated problems. A poster was made on the problem of Chorny
Mochar - a marshland whose complete 'amelioration' has resulted in
increasing floods in the Upper Tysa valley. The report drew the
attention of NGOs and experts to the problems of the rivers and
marshlands of Zakarpattya.
In 2000, two representatives of the
"Ruthenia" EcoClub, in collaboration with the NGO "Eco-Ecs"
(Uzhgorod, Director: Olexandr Gerevych), participated in the
implementation of the TACIS project, "The programme on
environmental protection in the River Danube basin in Ukraine and
Moldova". Its mission was to draw public attention to the
degradation of the Tysa ecosystem using illustrative materials. The
project was implemented in the cities of Uzhgorod, Rakhiv, Odessa (Ukraine)
and Kagul (Moldova). Illustrative materials such as the poster,
"We study and protect Tysa", and the pamphlet, "Tysa
- the anatomy of a tragedy", were developed and published; they
gave information on the environmental state of the Tysa basin and
the consequences of the disastrous flood in 1998.
On 26-27 July 2003, with the financial support of the
Wetlands International Black Sea Programme and organisational
support of the National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, the "Ruthenia"
Carpathian Ecological Club held the Third Working Meeting of the
Ukrainian Rivers Network. The meeting took place in Osiy village,
Irshavsky Rayon, Zakarpatska Oblast.
In 2003, within the framework of the "Save
your River" Small Grants Programme organised by the Wetlands
International Black Sea Programme, the
project, "An Improvement in the Water Quality of Small Rivers in Densely Populated
Valleys: Self-purification and the Range of Essential Related
Activities: Eco-engineering, Environmental Education, and Appropriate Action on the Part of the Local Authorities", was supported.